Cg 3.1 Toolkit Documentation Cg / Standard Library / clamp

## Name

clamp - returns smallest integer not less than a scalar or each vector component.

## Synopsis

```float  clamp(float x, float a, float b);
float1 clamp(float1 x, float1 a, float1 b);
float2 clamp(float2 x, float2 a, float2 b);
float3 clamp(float3 x, float3 a, float3 b);
float4 clamp(float4 x, float4 a, float4 b);

half   clamp(half x, half a, half b);
half1  clamp(half1 x, half1 a, half1 b);
half2  clamp(half2 x, half2 a, half2 b);
half3  clamp(half3 x, half3 a, half3 b);
half4  clamp(half4 x, half4 a, half4 b);

fixed  clamp(fixed x, fixed a, fixed b);
fixed1 clamp(fixed1 x, fixed1 a, fixed1 b);
fixed2 clamp(fixed2 x, fixed2 a, fixed2 b);
fixed3 clamp(fixed3 x, fixed3 a, fixed3 b);
fixed4 clamp(fixed4 x, fixed4 a, fixed4 b);

float1 clamp(float1 x, float a, float b);
float2 clamp(float2 x, float a, float b);
float3 clamp(float3 x, float a, float b);
float4 clamp(float4 x, float a, float b);

half1  clamp(half1 x, half a, half b);
half2  clamp(half2 x, half a, half b);
half3  clamp(half3 x, half a, half b);
half4  clamp(half4 x, half a, half b);

fixed1 clamp(fixed1 x, fixed a, fixed b);
fixed2 clamp(fixed2 x, fixed a, fixed b);
fixed3 clamp(fixed3 x, fixed a, fixed b);
fixed4 clamp(fixed4 x, fixed a, fixed b);
```

## Parameters

x
Vector or scalar to clamp.
a
Vector or scalar for bottom of clamp range.
b
Vector or scalar for top of clamp range.

## Description

Returns x clamped to the range [a,b] as follows:

1) Returns a if x is less than a; else
2) Returns b if x is greater than b; else
3) Returns x otherwise.

For vectors, the returned vector contains the clamped result of each element of the vector x clamped using the respective element of vectors a and b.

## Reference Implementation

clamp for float scalars could be implemented like this.

```float clamp(float x, float a, float b)
{
return max(a, min(b, x));
}
```

## Profile Support

clamp is supported in all profiles except fp20.

## See Also

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